Many factors can cause balance and fall problems, particularly among older adults. In fact, one out of three seniors experiences a fall at least once each year. Leading risk factors for falls include:
- Being age 65 or older
- Prior history of falls
- Pre-existing medical conditions, such as stroke, Parkinson's Disease, Multiple Sclerosis or diabetes
- Dizziness, vertigo and unsteadiness resulting from inner ear imbalances (vestibular disorders)
After an initial assessment, the physical therapist will create an individualized program of exercises and activities designed to:
- strengthen weakened muscles, particularly in the ankle, knee and hips
- increase flexibility
- regain lost range of motion
- improve posture, upright stability and movement
The treatment plan often incorporates a walking regimen supplemented by balance, coordination and postural exercises.
To learn more about balance retraining and fall prevention, visit our Cumberland Center for Fall Prevention page.